Twi Vamwe Initiative- Keeping Teenage Mothers in School

Pre-assess - Understand
Strongly Agree
Pre-assess - Inspired
Strongly Agree
Pre-assess - Engaged
Pre-assess - Skills
Pre-assess - Stand Up
Pre-assess - Reach Out
Strongly Agree
Pre-assess - Others
Strongly Agree
Details - Project Image
All girls are strong and powerful, and even a challenge like teenage pregnancy should not hinder their access of education.
Injustice - Importance
The failure to ensure that teenage mothers are able to go back to school potentially creates a cycle of poverty as the teenage mother is not able to take care of the child and dependency as teenage mother has to depend on most family to cater for her needs.
Sometimes the teenage mothers are married of to older men or sometimes are sent to the city to work as househelps,therefore reducing the probability of them achieving a basic education.
According to Chevalier & Viitanen, 2001, teenage mothers and their children are at critical points in their lives, where their life courses may be shaped towards stability and productivity or towards poverty and dependency.
Therefore , education can shape them towards productivity.
Injustice - Who Affected
Teenage mothers
Injustice - How Affected
1. teenage mothers are unable to go back to school. This hinders their ability to achieve their dreams and grow to be active members of the society.
2.Mature, adult decisions are required of emotionally pressured teenage mothers. Managing to care for an infant and devoting adequate time to school work is a great challenge for the teen parents and can discourage them from joining school.
Injustice - Who Causes
1. The parents- when a teenage mother has a child, she is considered a grown up. Therefore, the parents opt for marriage or sending them to work.
2. Schools- in some cases, the processing of papers to admit the girl back to school takes a long time, sometimes the teenage mothers succumb to the pressure of not going back to school.
3. society- a good part of the community view teenage mothers as a 'bad influence' and their return to school can influence other children.
4. teenage mothers- they are reluctant to go back to school.
Injustice - Why
1. most of the parents are poor, therefore, the teenage mother is seen as a burden and required to contribute to the income of the family.
2. Our society is patriarchal. In as much as the practice has slightly decreased, parents often opt to take their boys to school compared to their daughters. The occurrence of teenage pregnancy further worsens the situation.
3. Although the government has approved the teenage mothers to continue with their education, the absence of the influence of the community has enabled the schools to be slow towards re-admitting the girls.
4.People tend to ignore the complex causes of teenage pregnancies and opt to take a reactive stand, without understanding them.
5. Many girls have been socialized to know that the teenage pregnancy is the 'end' of education and 'failures' in the society. This enables them not to be motivated to continue with education.
Initial Problem Statement
A government report indicates that 8,334 ,in my subcounty in Kitui County in Kenya,young girls aged 13-19 got pregnant while in school. Over 75% of these girls have never rejoined school and are living in deplorable conditions. It is disappointing to see girls who have interacted with in my community not being able to go back to school even after giving birth. Although the government has allowed teenage mothers to continue with school when they are pregnant and after delivery, many girls in Voo do not return to school.
Interview - Who
Parents, Girls, a teacher
Interview - How They Feel
"When I found out that my daughter was pregnant, I was devastated... The teacher called me to school, and told me that she could not continue to be a student there...Things have changed now, but still many parents do not let their teenage daughters continue with school after delivery".- Parent.
" I never expected to have a child..I don't think that I can be able to face my classmates..maybe I can consider, if I am supported..." A teenage mother
" Failure of girls to return to school after they have delivered is high, especially among the poor in the society..there is a need for concrete measures to ensure that the girls can return to school.." - A teacher
Interview - How Affected
Teenage Mothers
1.Their inability to back to school limits their development to grow to be independent members of the society.
2. The absence of psychological support further worsens their conditions.
1. The teenage mother is seen as an extra burden especially if the family is poor.
2. sometimes, especially the mothers are burdened with the role of taking care of the grandchild, sometimes is not able to give attention to the siblings of the teenage mother.
Interview - Why They Feel That Way
1. In most cases, the failure to go back to school can hinder their knowledge in important aspects such as financial management which is important in catering for their needs.
2. In most African communities, if a girl child 'misbehaves' in which translates to getting pregnant, the mother is blamed , for not bringing up the child. In most families, the mother's role increased as she is expected to take care of her daughter child, which sometimes can be overburdening.
Interview - How Involved
1.Girls can be involved through a support group which they encourage each other to go back to school and talk about their experiences both in school and at home.
2. mothers can be involved through holding meetings, whereby they encourage the parents of the teenage mother to let their daughter go back to school.
Root Cause
1.'discourse and contamination'- where teenage mothers are seen as a bad influence to other students and generally are expected to not go back to school.
2. Lack of counseling to combat stigma attached to teenage pregnancy
3.Misunderstanding and pressure from teachers and fellow learners and the general society.
4. poverty as the parent can not afford to keep the girl in school and at the same time take care of the baby.
5. parents attitude as they sometimes want to punish the teenager for the 'mistake' she did.. which sometimes complicates the relationship between the teenage mother and her parents.
Compassionate Insight - Injustice
Failure of teenage mothers to go back to school
Compassionate Insight - Address
the issue of lack of counseling and lack of support to combat stigma attached to teenage pregnancy to both the teenage mothers and their parents.
Compassionate Insight - Action
Twi Vamwe Initiative- Keeping girls in school, which creates a platform where teenage mothers can talk about their problems. The program also seeks to work with mothers, generally, to support the girls and also urge other parents to take their teenage mothers back to school.
Compassionate Insight - Comments
Hi Mumbe,

Thanks so much for posting this project! I am glad to see that your project addresses the lack of education that is offered to pregnant females students. I definitely agree that all student should receive the same educational opportunities to pursue their initiatives of their choice regardless of their current situations. I’m a member of the Peace First team and as part of the process of completing peacemaking projects, Peace First staff gives formal feedback on important steps of your project. One of those steps is the compassionate insight.

I appreciate that you have thoroughly identified the various root causes that lead to this injustice. You mentioned the negative social stigmas that are associated with teen pregnancy and the impact of patriarchal cultural norms on students’ decisions to not return to school. You also talked about the hard process of re-enrolling in schools as there’s little focus by the government and community in actively readmitting students. The idea of having a place for mothers and daughters to hold these tough conversations is a great way to gain compassion and can help eliminate stigmas that exist.

I am curious to what current process of reapplying for school is like. If you don’t mind, I would like to learn more about some of the legal requirements that must be completed and how long this process take. Do you think these challenges of going through this process deter the students from returning to school? Are school officials helping out in this process and have there been any efforts by them to support these students in quickening the process? Have are you planning to have your program encourage more students to go back to school? Have you considered also providing sessions where you teach mothers and daughters the steps in re-enrolling to schools? One more thing that I would like you to think about is why the teen pregnancy rate in your community may be high? Does that have any effects on this injustice?

Here are also a few projects on Peace First that focus on women’s educational needs. Feel free to look and comment on them:

Let me know if you have any questions. Thanks for all the awesome work that you have done so far! I look forward to seeing what you do! :)

Comment Date
Tue, 12/11/2018 - 11:08
Thank you Amy.
Am actually thinking of having a session with teenage mothers and their parents, with members from the ministry of education this holiday.. (which starts in April)
Comment Date
Sun, 02/03/2019 - 10:03
Plan - Goals
Address reasons why teenage mothers do not go back to school
Create mechanisms on how parents can be involved in ensuring that teenage mothers return to school and also are involved in the children's reproductive health generally.
Plan - Compassion
Having sessions with teenage mothers so that they can be able to articulate their problems and feel appreciated by the community
Plan - Courage
We will organize a session with the chief, community elders and parents so as to increase their awareness towards their involvement in their children's reproductive health and how teenage mothers can go back to school.
Plan - Collaborate
1. we shall create patnerships with existing women groups so that we can gain a platform which will enable us to speak with mothers concerning their teenage mothers education.
2. Work with a local polytechnic to ensure that if a student can not go back to school, they can acquire vocational skills.
3. working with ministry of education to ensure that the government is involved in compelling the parents to let their children go back to school.
4. collaborating with the local hospital to ensure that both physical and psychological needs of the mothers are addressed.
Plan - Direction
1. When 5 (of the teenage mothers we are currently interacting with) are able to go back to school.
2. Number of parents attend our sessions.
3. the number of teenage mothers attending our sessions.
4. teenage mothers feeling more connecting to the society.
Plan - Steps
organize and implement a chief baraza where local authorities will urge parents to let their teenage mothers go back to school. In the session, we shall also discuss the procedure of re-admitting the teenage mothers back to schoolon July 19th, 2019
Hold a week session, whereby teenage mothers will learn about their sexual reproductive health and become peer educators in August 2019.
create partnerships with local polytechnic to ensure that the teenage mothers who can not go back to formal education acquire skills.
create regular speaking chances in women groups and churches to address how mothers can go back to school.
data collection and survey to see if we have reached our goal.
write reports and create videos of the experiences of teenage mothers and their parents
create a social media presence and website to explain the activities we are undertaking
Plan - Comments
Hi Mumbe,

Congratulations! Your Plan has been approved! This means you can move forward with creating your budget to apply for a mini-grant, if you need one to bring it to life.

This is also a space for you to get feedback on your peacemaking project. We hope you will use this feedback to further strengthen your project as you prepare to apply for the Mini-Grant and as you carry it out. Please see the feedback below:

Strengths: Your project is so detailed and well-thought! You have expressed that the stigma and prejudice towards teen mothers in your community are high. I think you have designed a brilliant idea to address the prejudice by inviting people with formal authority in your community to speak about the issue. You have, for example, welcomed the community chief, church members, the community elders, and parents. Brilliant! You have also acknowledged that reproductive health training shouldn’t be only for teen mothers but also for parents. That is great, training parents on best practices to speak about sexuality with their children is a great way to prevent early pregnancy. Besides that, you want to ensure that it follows a peer-to-peer model which facilitates speaking about this topic in a safe space where trust prevails. I also love that you want to design processes and start discussions around re-admission. So many times young mothers don’t join back to school because there are no processes or clear steps on how they can be re-admitted in the educational system.

Things to Consider: I noticed that you want to film videos to share the stories of teen mothers. I am sharing here a resource on how to create a low-cost digital storytelling program. I suggest you check it out

I also noticed that you will conduct surveys and that you will review school registration data to measure your project’s impact. Amazing! I suggest that besides all the quantitative data, you also include qualitative indicators. I see that you want to combat the stigma surrounding this issue. Therefore, I suggest you conduct a survey before you implement your project to learn more about the current stigma. Later, once the project is completed, you can conduct the survey again an see how the stigma has changed. There are many ways to measure stigmas and prejudice. Here is a resource that can give you ideas: (For example, using the Likert Scale, you can have a question that says “How comfortable are you with having a teenage mother as a classmate?” and see how the answers change before and after your project.) Of course, this is only an example because only you will decide which questions to include :)

Best of luck with your project!


Comment Date
Thu, 02/07/2019 - 12:51
Details - Country
Details - Location
Voo/ Kyamatu ward
Grant - Resource
Printing Charges (all the sessions)
Pens (2boxes)
Flip Charts (4)
Masking Tape (3)
Sticky notes (3)
Facilitators Stipend
Energizers(biscuits and sweets)
Tshirts( facilators)
organizng events
Grant - Confirm Age
Grant - Confirm Use
Grant - Confirm Start
Grant - Confirm End
Grant - Confirm Report
Payment - PF Affiliated
Payment - Bank Account
Payment - E-Check
Payment - Agree to Terms
Grant - Total
Reflect - Accelerator
Team Invitations
Details - Public
Project Comments
Mumbe, thanks for submitting your mini-grant request. Please make sure to read the International Verification Process here (the last question in the list):

Also, make sure to fill the following form:

I look forward to receiving the required documents :)
Comment Date
Mon, 02/11/2019 - 16:14
Details - Video