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How to develop logic and thinking at home. 7 proven ways for children 5-12 years old
A child with developed logical thinking stands out favorably among his peers - it will be easier for him to study, solve school and everyday problems. The educational platform LogicLike tells about interesting working options for training logic for preschoolers and younger students.
It is interesting and effective to engage in the development of logic and thinking with your child at home. And you don't have to be a teacher or have any special knowledge for this. Experts recommend alternating the types of games in order to train different types of thinking: visual-figurative and visual-effective, abstract-logical and verbal-logical, spatial, non-standard.
1. Talking games
Word games are a very simple and affordable way to develop a child's logical thinking, broaden their horizons and, of course, increase their vocabulary. Choose games that teach you to highlight analogies, generalize, distribute objects and phenomena into groups, and make logical connections.
Play associations. Name the item and suggest naming a similar one. Ask why the child chose him, what similarities he found.
Come up with new endings for famous fairy tales.
Compose stories, poems together: someone starts one line - the other continues in meaning. Play danetki: guess an object, phenomenon or character and invite your child to guess it by asking questions that can only be answered "yes" or "no."
Play the "I believe - I do not believe" game. You say a phrase, for example, "all cats are red" or "watermelon is a berry." The child's task is to answer whether the statement is correct or not. If the answers and solutions are ambiguous or there are several of them, that's even good. The main thing is that the child can reasonably justify the answer.
Children are mostly visual, so they like games with pictures and images. Classes using cards, paper and pens stimulate the development of figurative-logical thinking.
Here are some ideas for this type of activity:
- Offer games to compare and group objects by color, shape, size and other characteristics;
- solve puzzles with matches - “remove one match to get another figure”;
- compose stories from pictures;
- solve puzzles and puzzles on paper, go through mazes.
3. Board games
Colorful sets with pictures, figures, clear rules attract both children and adults. Checkers, chess, sea battle, dominoes - time-tested classic games that will always be relevant and suitable for families. They teach to win beautifully and accept defeat, to enjoy communication and the process of playing.
In addition, chips and pictures from board games can be used for training. Here are a couple of ways.
Invite your child to guess objects and toys by touch, by shape.
Arrange the figures or pictures according to the algorithm. For example, make up a sequence of them: increasing, decreasing, in color, size.
Use dominoes and triminoes to learn counting, addition and subtraction.
Children by nature are builders and creators. Constructor games help develop motor skills, fine motor skills and creative thinking. Creation of buildings according to schemes, reproduction of ideas in reality develop spatial and structural-logical thinking.
It would be nice to find time for joint classes with your child in this format. With the help of cubes, you can create very entertaining tasks.
5. Riddles and puzzles
This is a great way to practice non-standard thinking and logic with your children. The most understandable type of puzzles for everyone is oral, which have been passed down from generation to generation and have survived to this day.
To pump up the imagination and spatial perception of the child, use puzzles in the form of geometric shapes (Rubik's cube, Tangram, Pentamino).